Sodium bicarbonate is used in animal feed as a raw material for the preparation of feed and it is certainly the most widespread buffer substance in the zoo technical feeding sector, able to provide interesting results both in the cattle sector and in pig and poultry.
The use in animal nutrition has undergone a strong increase in our country since the 70s, and currently reaches the 70000 tons consumed per year.
Today sodium bicarbonate could be called a metabolic modulator as it has qualities such as:
- The positive physiological action on the digestive and locomotor system
- Effectiveness in improving food consumption and animal growth
- The effectiveness in improving the chemical-physical characteristics of the meat produced
- The anti-toxic action (although always in the deepening phase)
The use of sodium bicarbonate highlights important effects both on food intake and on the quantity / quality of milk produced.
In post-delivery, the animal's food consumption generally falls, which could negatively affect the entire lactation. The addition of sodium bicarbonate to the ration increases food intake, giving energy to the cow and ensuring a high amount of milk produced with a high percentage of fat in it.
Studies show that sodium bicarbonate has a positive effect both on growth and on the food conversion index. The effects of adaptation by animals to sudden changes in the composition of the ration and anti-stress effects are also attributed to the substance.
Swine experienced many positive effects due to greater nitrogen retention and an attenuation of the stress caused by the permanence in breeding and by the presence of high humidity and temperature. A positive effect on limb weakness syndrome on osteochondritis manifestations and an attenuation of gastric ulcers was also found.
If the bicarbonate of soda is dispensed in the phases preceding the slaughter, an improvement in the tenderness of the meat is found and the typical aromas and flavors are eliminated.
Studies show that its integration within the animal's diet leads to greater growth and an improvement in food conversion.
The use of bicarbonate on sows in the lactation phase causes a greater ingestion of dry matter, allowing the piglets to reach a higher weight at the end of the breeding.
Adding baking soda to the ration of layers, determines an increase in egg production levels and an improvement in shell thickness.
BROILER AND TURKEY:
Studies have shown that the addition of baking soda to the diet of broilers and turkeys significantly reduces the incidence of limb alterations and mortality in farms.
There is also an improvement in food conversion efficiency and an anti-stress effect.